Student Project: Health Hazards of WFH/Remote Setup and How to Avoid Them

The work-from-home/remote setup has become more prevalent since the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there are health and safety hazards associated with this setup. What are these hazards and how can we avoid them?

Check out the following infographic for a summary of the research paper done by our students (Arianne Gundayao, Jean Lacsamana, Princess Mercado, Jamie Roberto, and Arielle Yap) for IE 136 – Industrial Safety and Health, during the 2nd Semester AY 2020-2021.

Those who are interested to read more about the students’ research paper are advised to contact the researchers or the department. You may also check the references listed below:

Abad, R. (2020, April 28). ‘Work from home’ trend climbs amid quarantine, study confirms | Roderick Abad. BusinessMirror.
ABS-CBN News. (2020, September 14). Work-from-home set-ups seen staying even after pandemic: CEO survey.
Aithal, S. (2015). AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON WORKING FROM HOME: A POPULAR E-BUSINESS MODEL. International Journal of Advance and Innovative Research. 2. 12 – 18.
Ali, M., West, K., Teich , J., Lynch, S., Mutter, R., & Dubenitz, J. (2019). Utilization of Mental Health Services in Educational Setting by Adolescents in the United States. Journal of School health, 393-401.
American Optometric Association. (2021). Computer vision syndrome (Digital eye strain).
Anderson, A. J., Kaplan, S. A., & Vega, R. P. (2014). The impact of telework on emotional experience: When, and for whom, does telework improve daily affective well-being? European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 882-897.
Asaolu, Aderonke, Olufunke, & Itsekor. (2014). Ergonomic Computer Workstation considerations for. International Journal of Academic, 22-26.
Bentley, T., Teo, S., McLeod, L., Tan, F., Bosua, R., & Gloet, M. (2016). The role of organisational support in teleworker wellbeing: A socio-technical systems approach. Applied Ergonomics, 207-2015.
Best Home Office Chairs Price List in Philippines June 2021. (n.d.). Iprice.Ph.
Birch, J. (2020, September 8). Why Ergonomics is Important Even at Home. Worksite International.
Blood pressure chart: What your reading means. (2021, February 3). Mayo Clinic.
Carter, S., Hartman, Y., Holder, S., Thijssen, D. H., & Hopkins, N. D. (2017). Sedentary Behavior and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Mediating Mechanisms. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 45(2).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders & Ergonomics.
Cerullo, M. (2021, March 12). Working from home is breaking our bodies, physical therapists say.
Chandra, A., Chandna, P., Deswal, S., & Kumar, R. (2009). Ergonomics in the Office Environment: A Review. Proceedings of International Conference on Energy and Environment, 913-·         919.
Chudoba, K. M., Windeler, J. B., & Sundrup, R. Z. (2017). Getting away from them all: Managing exhaustion from social interaction with telework. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 977-995.
Cook, J. (2021, April 26). Set up an ergonomic home office before you destroy your body. Popular Science.
Eddleston, K. A., & Mulki, J. (2015). Toward Understanding Remote Workers’ Management of Work–Family Boundaries: The Complexity of Workplace Embeddedness. Group & Organization Management, 346-387.
Fukushima, N., Machida, M., Kikuchi, H., Amagasa, S., Hayashi, T., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., & Inoue, S. (2021). Associations of working from home with occupational physical activity and sedentary behavior under the COVID‐19 pandemic. Journal of Occupational Health, 63(1).
Gartner, Inc. (2020, April 3). Shifting Some Employees to Remote Work Permanently. Gartner.
Goggins, R. W., Spielholz, P., & Nothstein, G. L. (2008). Estimating the effectiveness of ergonomics interventions through case studies: Implications for predictive cost-benefit analysis. Journal of Safety Research, 39(3).
Grant, C. A., Wallace, L. M., & Spurgeon, P. C. (2013). An exploration of the psychological factors affecting remote e‐worker’s job effectiveness, well‐being and work‐life balance. Employee Relations.
Hallare, K. (2021, March 4). Robredo: Can PH wait until 2023 to get back to normal? INQUIRER.Net.
Henke, R. M., Benevent, R., Schulte, P., Rinehart, C., Crighton, K., & Corcoran, M. (2016). The Effects of Telecommuting Intensity on Employee Health. American Journal of Health Promotion.
Holton, L. (2021, May 31). The No-Nonsense Office Essentials List. MYVA360.
Irawan, A. W., Dwisona, D., & Lestari, M. (2020). Psychological Impacts of Students on Online Learning During the Pandemic COVID-19. KONSELI Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling (E-Journal), 53-60.
Johnson, D. (2021, May 23). 22 Work From Home Office Essentials for the Perfect Home Setup (2021). Nomad Paradise.
Jones, J. (2021, March). Physical therapists say work-from-home injuries are up. Here’s how to deal with them. KIRO 7 News Seattle; KIRO 7 News Seattle.
Keyboards prices online in the Philippines June 2021 (Ergonomic). (2021, June). Priceprice.Com.
Kibria, & Rafiquzzaman. (2019). Ergonomic Computer Workstation Design for University. Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 91-103.
Kim, J., Henly, J. R., Golden, L. M., & Lambert, S. J. (2019). Workplace Flexibility and Worker Well-Being by Gender. Journal of Marriage and Family, 892-910.
Kritz, B. (2020, August 31). ‘Work from home’ is not working. The Manila Times.
Leiva, A. M., Martínez, M. A., Cristi-Montero, C., Salas, C., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Díaz Martínez, X., Aguilar-Farías, N., & Celis-Morales, C. (2017). Sedentary lifestyle is associated with an increase in cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors independent of physical activity levels. Revista Médica de Chile, 145(4).
Lin, M. Y., Catalano, P., & Dennerlein, J. T. (2016). A Psychophysical Protocol to Develop Ergonomic Recommendations for Sitting and Standing Workstations. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 58(4), 574–585. doi:10.1177/0018720816639788
Lischer, S., Safi, N., & Dickson, C. (2021). Remote learning and students’ mental health during the Covid-19 pandemic: A mixed-method enquiry. Nature Public Health Emergency Collection, 1-11.
Maintaining Your Mental Health While Working From Home. (2020, July 23). Retrieved from The Medical City Clinic:
Major, D. A., Verive, J. M., & Joice, W. (2008). Telework as a Dependent Care Solution: Examining Current Practice to Improve Telework Management Strategies. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 65-91.
Martinez, A. B., Co, m., Lau, J., & Brown, J. S. (2020). Filipino help-seeking for mental health problems and associated barriers and facilitators: a systematic review. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 1397-1413.
McDowell, C. P., Herring, M. P., Lansing, J., Brower, C., & Meyer, J. D. (2020). Working From Home and Job Loss Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic Are Associated With Greater Time in Sedentary Behaviors. Frontiers in public health, 8, 597619.
Micheletti Cremasco, M., Mulasso, A., Moroni, A., Testa, A., Degan, R., Rainoldi, A., & Rabaglietti, E. (2021). Relation among Perceived Weight Change, Sedentary Activities and Sleep Quality during COVID-19 Lockdown: A Study in an Academic Community in
Middlesworth, M. (2020, January 31). 5 Proven Benefits of Ergonomics in the Workplace. ErgoPlus.
Muller, J. (2019, July 25). 7 Bad Computer Posture Mistakes You’re Probably Making. Ergonomic Trends.
Northern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6).
Oakman, J., Kinsman, N., Stuckey, R., Graham, M., & Weale, V. (2020). A rapid review of mental and physical health effects of working at home: how do we optimise health? BMC Public Health, 20(1).
‌P, S., & Shahid, M. (2020). GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS. Work from Home during COVID-19: Employees Perception and Experiences, 8(5).
Rabacal, J. S., Oducado, R. F., & Tamdang, K. A. (2020). COVID-19 Impact on the Quality of Life of Teachers: A Cross-sectional. Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research.
Sardeshmukh, S. R., Sharma, D., & Golden, T. (2012). Impact of telework on exhaustion and job engagement: a job demands and job resources model. New Technology, Work and Employment, 193-207.
Sedentary Lifestyle Is More Harmful Than You Think: Here’s How. (2020, June 26). NDTV.Com.
Slezák, G. K. (2016, March). Fostering Motivation and Social Learning in Online Courses with Gamification Research. Retrieved from ResearchGate:
Soares, S., Bonnet, F., & Berg, J. (2021, April 25). Working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic: Updated estimates. VOX, CEPR Policy Portal.
Sprout Pulse. (2020). Uncovering Work From Home In The Time Of COVID-19.
Spurgeon, P. C., Dickinson, H., Snelling, I., & Ham, C. (2013). An exploration of the psychological factors affecting remote e‐worker’s job effectiveness, well‐being and work‐life balance. Employee Relations, 527-546.
Stephan, M., Markus, S., & Glaser-Zikuda, M. (2019, October 4). Students’ Achievement Emotions and Online Learning in Teacher Education.
Survey reveals the mental and physical health impacts of home working during Covid-19. (2021, February 04). Retrieved from Royal Society for Public Health:
Tee, M. L., Tee, C. A., Anlacan, J. P., Aligam, K. G., Reyes, P. C., Kuruchittham, V., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines. J Affect Disord.
Thorstensson, E. (2020). The Influence of Working from Home on Employees’ Productivity – B Thesis. Karlstad Business School, Sweden
Ticzon, A. (2021, May 27). Home. Stance Ergonomics.
Tietze, S., & Nadin, S. (2010). The psychological contract and the transition from office-based to home-based work. Human Resource Management Journal, 318-334.
Tips to Avoid Work-Related Injuries While Working from Home. (2020, April 14). Previsor Insurance.
Todd, S. (2020, March 21). Why Are Home Office Ergonomics So Important? Working From Home Insider.,job%20as%20they%20should%20be.
Torres, M. (2020, April 2). This Is What Happens To Your Body When You Work From Home. HuffPost; HuffPost.
Twinamasiko, B., Lukenge, E., Nabawanga, S., Nansalire, W., Kobusingye, L., Ruzaaza, G., & Bajunirwe, F. (2018). Sedentary Lifestyle and Hypertension in a Periurban Area of Mbarara, South Western Uganda: A Population Based Cross Sectional Survey. International Journal of Hypertension, 2018, 1–8.
Upwork. (2019, March 5). Third Annual “Future Workforce Report” Sheds Light on How Younger Generations are Reshaping the Future of Work | Upwork.
U.S. Department of Labor. (n.d.). ETools: Computer workstations. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Vyas, L., & Butakhieo, N. (2020). The impact of working from home during COVID-19 on work and life domains: an exploratory study on Hong Kong. Policy Design and Practice, 1–18.
Watermeyer, R., Crick, T., Knight, C., & Goodall, J. (2020). Covid-19 and digital disruption in UK universities: Afflictions and affordances of emergency online migration. Nature Public Health Emergency Collection, 1-4.
Webber, A. (2021, January 22). Home working linked to rise in musculoskeletal disorders – Personnel Today. Personnel Today.
Wilser, J. (2020, September 4). The Pandemic of Work-From-Home Injuries. The New York Times.
Woo, E. H. C., White, P., & Lai, C. W. K. (2015). Ergonomics standards and guidelines for computer workstation design and the impact on users’ health – a review. Ergonomics, 59(3), 464–475. doi:10.1080/00140139.2015.1076528
Workplace Health and Safety Queensland. (2020). Ergonomic guide to computer-based workstations. WorkSafe BC publication.
WorkSafeNB. (2020, December). Computer Workstation Ergonomics.
World Health Organization. (n.d.). Healthy at home- Physical Activity. WHO | World Health Organization.—physical-activity
Zaníní, M. T., de Castro, R., & Fílardí, F. (2020). Advantages and disadvantages of teleworking in Brazilian public administration: analysis of SERPRO and Federal Revenue experiences. Cadernos EBAPE.BR, 28-46.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *